Causes of World War I

 Review with your partner last
night’s homework—Europe Moves
Towards War Packet [3 minutes]
 Highlight/Underline the most
important sentence in each
paragraph on the 1 page. [3 minutes]
Objective: I can summarize the
causes of World War I, which included
militarism, alliances, imperialism, and
Militarism-a policy of glorifying
military power and keeping a standing
army always prepared for war.
 Great Britain and Germany raced to have
the largest navies.
 France, Russia, and Germany competed in
building powerful armies.
Alliances-the formation of
military agreements among nations.
 Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy
formed the Triple Alliance in 1882.
 Great Britain, France, and Russia
formed the Triple Entente in 1907.
Imperialism-a nation’s attempt to
gain control of weaker nations.
 European nations divided much of
Africa into colonies in order to obtain
new materials and sell goods.
 European nations forced China to
grant them trading rights.
Nationalism-extreme loyalty to a
nation and concern for its welfare.
 National groups in Austria-Hungary
and the Ottoman Empire (Turkey)
wanted independence.
 European nations sought to regain lost
territories and/or add land.
 List the four MAIN causes of
 What is militarism?
 Who is the in the Triple Alliance
and Triple Entente?
 What is imperialism?
 What is nationalism?
Create a poster.
Include all four MAIN causes of WWI.
Include imagery to describe the definition of
each cause.
Be Creative!!! ***Due Thursday!!!***
16 Points
Nationalism led nations to compete over which would
be the strongest military power in the world
The glorification of military power is known as
The strongest nations of Europe began to prepare for
the possibility of war.
Increased the size of their armies and navies and
greatly increased stockpiles of weapons
Advancements in industrial technology allowed them
to create weapons of war that were deadlier than any
that had been developed before
War looked inevitable
European nations looked for friends and allies
for support
Two great alliance systems were formed.
 Triple Alliance: Germany, Austria-Hungary, and
 Triple Entente: Great Britain, France, and Russia
 Each alliance signed agreements with smaller, less
powerful nations
 Defensive in nature
 If one member of an alliance were
attacked, an ally was obligated to
come to its aid
 Several nations might become part of
a fight that formerly might have been
limited to only two nations
Grey=Neutral Countries
Europe competed for colonies in Africa,
Asia, and other parts of the world
 Colonies provided raw materials
 Desire for colonies aggravated national
rivalries in Europe
 Disagreements sometimes led to
 Desire for Self-Rule
 Russian, Austro-Hungarian, and Ottoman
Empires all multinational-included many
different nationalities and ethnic groups
 Felt they had the right to rule themselves
 A cultural or national group’s desire for selfgovernment is an important component of
 Rivalry Among Nations
 Intense pride in one’s own country
 Often leads to competition
 International Sports Events: Healthy
 Early 1900s Imperialism: Unhealthy-
view changes to enemies
 Economic Competition
 Heightened by Industrial Revolution
 Economies based on manufacturing goods
for trade (Like today)
 Need large amounts of raw materials
 Competed for natural resources
 This competition increased tension in
The stage was set, only needed a spark.
 A Serb nationalist named Gavrilo Princip shot the heir
to the throne of Austria, Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
Princip was a member of a group that wanted all
Serbs to be united in a self-governing nation.
Believed the assassination would help this goal, but
instead started a war between Serbia and Austria.
Russia supported its ally, Serbia.
Germany supported its ally, Austria.
Soon, most of Europe was fighting.
The Great War had started.
What is the
between the
causes of World
War I?-Or-How are
the causes of
World War I
Example of Poster-Do Not Use
What three parts make up the
nationalism cause?
 How did Imperialism help cause WWI?
 What was the spark that started WWI?
 How did the alliance systems cause a
domino effect after the spark?