Unit 4 Test Questions

Unit 4 Questions
Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
1. Which of the following is a good example of an exclave?
a. Taiwan in relation to mainland China
d. The island of Sumatra in Indonesia
b. Hawaii in the United States
e. Alaska in the United States
c. Shikoku Island in Japan
2. The drawing of new voting districts is called
a. reelection
d. redrawing
b. gerrymandering
e. discretization
c. reapportionment
3. Which factor in the last quarter century greatly destabilized Eastern Europe and led to ethnic conflict?
a. the adoption of the Euro
d. the acceptance of many Eastern European
countries into the EU.
b. the introduction of new languages
e. the end of the cold war and collapse of the
Soviet Union and other communist states
c. the invasion by the Soviets
4. The term Balkanization refers to the:
a. introduction of an economic system of
d. industrial growth in less developed
free enterprise.
b. fragmentation of a region into smaller
e. military and economic alliances among a
group of countries.
c. spread of Slavic languages.
5. Which of the following was a centrifugal force in the India/Pakistan relationship in the late 1940s?
a. Differences in political border
d. Commonality of language
b. Differences in religion
e. Commonality of climate
c. Commonality of religion
6. A ____________ is a group of people with a common political identity, and a _________ is a country with
recognized borders.
a. state ... nation
d. territory ... federation
b. nation ... state
e. nation ... territory
c. territory ... state
7. All of the following are characteristics of most of the worlds remaining dependencies except
a. most are remnants of empires
d. most are located in the southern
b. most are located in relatively isolated
e. most are islands
c. most have small populations
8. The state borders drawn by the United States government over what used to be Native American lands are
examples of
a. antecedent borders
d. natural borders
b. land-grant borders
e. superimposed borders
c. subsequent borders
9. Which of the following is NOT a forward capital?
a. Paris, France
d. Brasilia, Brazil
____ 10.
____ 11.
____ 12.
____ 13.
____ 14.
____ 15.
____ 16.
____ 17.
____ 18.
____ 19.
____ 20.
b. Abuja, Nigeria
e. Islamabad, Pakistan
c. Washington D.C., United States
Which of the following is an example of a supranational organization with the main mission of increasing
economic integration?
a. The United States Federal Reserve
d. The United Nations
b. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization
e. The International Red Cross and Red
Crescent Movement
c. The European Union
The political boundary dividing much of India from China is classified as
a. superimposed
d. physical (or natural)
b. geometric
e. cultural
c. relict
Which of the following is NOT an example of a compact state?
a. Thailand
d. Laos
b. Zimbabwe
e. Uruguay
c. Poland
__________ boundaries characterize much of Africa as they ignore cultural and tribal differences across
a. Superimposed
d. Subsequent
b. Antecedent
e. Colonial
c. Territorial
Sikhs in India, Muslim Palestinians in Israel, and Kurds in Iraq, Iran, and Turkey are all considered
a. landlocked states
d. frontiers
b. multinational states
e. stateless nations
c. nation-states
The European Union, the Arab League, and the United Nations are all examples of
a. nation-states
d. pressure groups
b. supranational organizations
e. federations
c. centrifugal organizations
States with the ability to carry out actions or policies within their borders independently from interference are
said to have
a. sovereignty
d. traditional legitimacy
b. nationalism
e. a consensual political culture
c. integration
The conflict in Kashmir is based on which type of boundary disagreement?
a. fertile ground
d. land use
b. irredentism
e. document interpretation
c. immigration
The redrawing of political districts for political gain is termed what?
a. Core-periphery federalism
d. Gerrymandering
b. Electoral regions
e. Reapportionment
c. Immigrant statehood
The United Nations’ International Law of the Sea gave countries access to drill for mineral rights up to how
many miles from shore?
a. 12
d. 10
b. 200
e. 3
c. 100
A piece of land surrounded by a foreign territory would be viewed by that foreign territory as:
a. an enclave.
d. a unitary state.
____ 21.
____ 22.
____ 23.
____ 24.
____ 25.
____ 26.
____ 27.
____ 28.
b. an edge city.
e. a colony.
c. an exclave.
Violent confrontations in Ambon, Aceh, and East Timor illustrate the problem of holding together the
physically and culturally diverse country of
a. India
d. South Africa
b. Yugoslavia
e. Brazil
c. Indonesia
Free-trade zones such as the countries of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) are
established to increase the ease and volume of international trade by
a. establishing a common monetary unti
d. opening borders to migrant guest workers
among member states
from member states
b. eliminating tariffs on goods that cross
e. increasing diplomatic relations between
borders between member states
member states
c. offering large economic-development
loans to poorer member states
After the middle of the 20th century, most African and Asian colonies recieved thei independence largely as a
result of
a. migrations of Europeans and Americans to d. the formation of the United Nations (UN)
settle in colonial areas
b. industrialization of large parts of both
e. the impact of World War II which
weakened European nations’ ability to
maintain colonies
c. strong efforts by non-governmental
organizations that promoted independence
Italy is split between north and south by the “Ancona Line,” which illustrates a(n)
a. centripetal spatial force
d. economic devolutionary force
b. ethnic devolutionary force
e. devolutionary spatial force
c. economic centripetal force
The ____________ was based on control of land, markets, and political ideology, wheras the
________________ divide is based on wealth and poverty.
a. north/south divide ... east/west divide
d. east/west divide ... north/south divide
b. core/periphery ... east/west divide
e. organic theory ... rimland theory
c. domino theory ... heartland theory
A functional boundary dispute arises when neighboring states cannot agree on
a. where citizens from one or both states
d. the ownership of a region around mutual
may settle
b. natural resources that lie in border areas
e. policies that apply in a border area
c. where the border actually is
Egypt and Ethiopia have developed a tense relationship over control of water from the Nile River. This
conflict is best classified as which type of boundary dispute?
a. Allocational
d. Operational
b. Demarcation
e. Definitional
c. Locational
Which of the following is the usual order of boundary creation between countries?
a. demarcation, definition, delimination
d. delimination, definition, demarcation
b. definition, demarcation, delimination
e. definition, delimination, demarcation
c. delimination, demarcation, definition
____ 29. When countries come together for a common purpose, somewhat limiting their own individual powers, the
resulting body is called a(n)
a. confederacy
d. supranational organization
b. international organization
e. national alliance
c. union
____ 30. Which of the following is the best example of a state with a good relative location?
a. Mongolia
d. Bolivia
b. Belarus
e. Laos
c. Singapore
____ 31. What is the primary reason for establishing a proruption in a boundary?
a. To gain greater economic autonomy from d. To access more raw materials
b. To establish communicationsin the
e. To create hostility among the neighbors
c. To control different nationalities within
the borders
____ 32. The ability of a state to carry out actions or policies within its borders independently from interference either
from inside or outside is called
a. irredentism
d. territoriality
b. integration
e. sovereignty
c. devolution
____ 33. Which of the following pairs of countries are both multicore states?
a. France and Japan
d. France and Nigeria
b. Japan and the United States
e. Nigeria and the United States
c. France and the United States
____ 34. Land parcels in the American Midwest tend to be rectilinear because
a. Native American settlement patterns were d. Spanish colonists laid out settlements in a
rigid geometric pattern
b. English-speaking settlers replicated the
e. there were no mountains or rivers to use as
landscape patterns of England
c. the federal survey system adopted in the
late eighteenth century imposed a
geometric pattern on the landscape
____ 35. The United States and its allies entered the Vietnam conflict in part to prevent Communists from gaining
control of the Eurasian periphery because that control would have led to domination of the world accoring to
some geopolitical thinkers at the time. This justification is most closely associated with which of the
following geographic concepts?
a. Neocolonialism
d. Rimland theory
b. World-systems analysis
e. North-south gap
c. New world order
____ 36. Which of the following European Countries had the greatest number of African colonies in 1914?
a. Germany and Italy
d. Portugal and Spain
b. Belgium and the Netherlands
e. Britain and France
c. Austria and Hungary
____ 37. An example of a stateless nation in the Middle East is provided by the
a. Egyptians
d. Saudis
b. Turks
e. Kurds
c. Iraqis
____ 38. The main purpose of gerrymandering is usually to
____ 39.
____ 40.
____ 41.
____ 42.
____ 43.
____ 44.
____ 45.
____ 46.
____ 47.
a. improve the chances of the dominant
d. challenge the authority of the courts to
political party in the state to win seats in
weigh in on political questions
the legislature
b. assert the power of the legislative over the e. improve the ration of representatives to
executive branch
citizens to better serve constituents
c. create congressional districts of
approximately equal size
A political state whose territory is the same as the area occupied by people sharing a common heriage and
value system is best described as a:
a. nation.
d. nation-state.
b. country.
e. state.
c. prorupted state.
Which term describes the forces that unify and strengthen a country?
a. centripetal
d. naturalizing
b. ethnocentric
e. diffusion
c. centrifugal
Hitler’s nationalist/expansionist philosophies drew in part from
a. self-determination
d. rimland theory
b. heartland theory
e. organic geopolitical theory
c. sound historical evidence
The purpose for the creation of NATO was to:
a. defend northern Europe against Chinese
d. form an economic alliance for trade
between Europe and North America.
b. form a binding peace treaty for all Europe. e. defend North America and Western
Europe against the threat of communism.
c. defend Europe against a second Nazi
______________ governments are organized into a geographically based hierarchy of local government
a. Territorial
d. Consolidated
b. Electoral
e. Federal
c. National
To try and reduce the calls for revolutionary secession from Canada, the Canadian parliament has given
Nunavit regions more autonomy, or local control. This situation best represents the geographic concept of
a. ministate
d. buffer state
b. devolution
e. enclave
c. gerrymandering
Which of the following is the best example of a nation-state?
a. India
d. Argentina
b. Nigeria
e. Afghanistan
c. Denmark
Fill the in the blank: The Geman migration into the United States showed the process of
___________________, which meant that usually within three generations, all of the migrants’ descendants
spoke English.
a. barrio
d. pluralism
b. acculturation
e. voluntary segregation
c. diffusion
The main reason that Nigeria moved its capital from Lagos to Abuja was to try to resolve differences between
a. populists and conservatives
d. the Muslim north and the Christian south
b. native Nigerians and Europeans
____ 48.
____ 49.
____ 50.
____ 51.
____ 52.
____ 53.
____ 54.
____ 55.
____ 56.
e. American businessmen and Nigerian
political leaders
c. those who support international trade and
those who don’t
The theory that whoever controlled the landmass of Europe would control the world is called the:
a. devolution theory.
d. containment theory.
b. heartland theory.
e. rimland theory.
c. domino theory.
When voting districts are reapportioned in such a way that they purposely favor a political party, they have
a. reelected
d. redistricted
b. redrawn
e. gerrymandered
c. salamandered
Every country with a seacoast has an exclusive economic zone (EEZ) under the UN convention on the Law of
the Sea. Which one of the following statements regarding the Law of the Sea and the EEZ is NOT correct?
a. Countries have the right to exploit natural d. Countries can exploit resources on the
resources in their EEZ.
continental shelf extending up to 350
nautical miles (560 km) beyond their EEZ.
b. A country does not have the right to
e. The EEZ extends up to 200 nautical miles
exploit living resources in its EEZ.
(370 km) from the coastline.
c. A country has the right to exploit
nonliving resources in its EEZ.
United Nations recognition of a state’s “exclusive economic zone” allows the state to:
a. establish economic free trade zones within d. form limited economic alliances with
the sovereign territory of other states.
other countries.
b. limit importation of competitive goods
e. claim national economic jurisdiction over
and services from other countries.
200 nautical miles of water extending
from its coast.
c. protect domestic production by imposing
tariffs on all foreign made products.
“Shatter belts” are geographical zones where tensions often explode based on
a. geometric boundaries
d. cultural boundaries
b. functional boundaries
e. physical boundaries
c. economic boundaries
The main purpose of the security council of the United Nations is to
a. represent the democratic will of the
d. adjudicate quarrels between citizens of
different countries
b. establish peacekeeping forces in
e. regulate global monetary policies
“hotspots” around the world
c. provide social and cultural benefits
The Basques, Bretons, Kashmiris and Tamils are all examples of:
a. religious groups.
d. terrorist groups.
b. regionalist groups.
e. interventionist groups.
c. separatist groups.
Which of the following countries was not a member of the Warsaw Pact established during the cold war?
a. United Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR) d. France
b. East Germany
e. Poland
c. Romania
State-sponsored terrorism has occured in the last 30 years in which of the following countries?
____ 57.
____ 58.
____ 59.
____ 60.
____ 61.
____ 62.
____ 63.
____ 64.
____ 65.
____ 66.
____ 67.
a. Bahrain
d. Spain
b. United States
e. Canada
c. Rwanda
Political Geographers consider which of the following as the core area of the United States?
a. The New York-Washington D.C. Area
d. The Buffalo-Cleveland Area
b. The Chicago-Detroit Area
e. The Atlanta-Birmingham, Alabama Area
c. The Los-Angelas-San Francisco Area
Which of the following is the best example of a perforated state?
a. France
d. Vietnam
b. Singapore
e. Italy
c. Ecuador
What is the best example of voluntary segregation?
a. Refugee camps in Bangkok, Thailand
d. Barrios in Spanish Harlem in New York,
United States
b. Ghettos during World War II in Munich
e. The ethnic landscape of Los Angeles,
United States.
c. Japanese internment camps in the western
United States during World War II.
The Berlin Wall today would represent a(n)
a. superimposed boundary
d. subsequent boundary
b. natural boundary
e. relict boundary
c. antecendent boundary
Indonesia is an example of a(n)
a. microstate
d. prorupted state
b. fragmented state
e. elongated state
c. compact state
The country with the largest territory is:
a. the United States
d. China
b. Brazil
e. Russia
c. Australia
Which of the following states is the best example of an enclave?
a. Belize
d. Brazil
b. Lesotho
e. Papua New Guinea
c. Gambia
The celebration of a national holiday is an example of a(n):
a. insurgency.
d. terrorist act.
b. centrifugal force.
e. revolution.
c. centripetal force.
Italy fought against Austria to annex Italian-speaking regions controlled by Austria. This is an example of
a. colonialism
d. Balkanization
b. an exclusive economic zone
e. devolution
c. irredentism
A group of people bound together by a common identity is a(n)
a. state
d. political system
b. institution
e. regime
c. nation
Which of the following is an example of a centrifugal force within a nation-state?
a. ethnic homogeneity
d. a seperatist movement that demands
b. a strong sense of nationalism
e. a strong national economy
c. economic equality among regions
____ 68. Which of the following countries does NOT have a well-known example of a relict boundary?
a. Germany
d. United Kingdom
b. Bolivia
e. Vietnam
c. China
____ 69.
____ 70.
____ 71.
____ 72.
____ 73.
____ 74.
____ 75.
____ 76.
Kurdistan on the map above is an example of
a. unitary state
d. exclave
b. fragmented state
e. microstate
c. stateless nation
Which type of boundary exists between the United States and Canada?
a. Geometric
d. Cultural
b. Linguistic
e. All of the above
c. Water
Which of the following is a forward capital?
a. Putrajaya, Malaysia
d. Paris, France
b. Bombay (Mumbai), India
e. Sydney, Australia
c. Rome, Italy
The current Canadian organizational structure is best characterized as
a. apartheid
d. confederate
b. theocratic
e. unitary
c. federal
National anthems, flags, and holidays are all symbols that promote:
a. war.
d. regionalism.
b. supranationalism.
e. irredentism.
c. nationalism.
Which theory below was used as justification for US involvement in Vietnam in the 1960s and 1970s?
a. Core-periphery theory
d. Colonialism
b. Heartland Theory
e. Devolution
c. Containment theory
What would probably be the easiest shape of a state for national defense?
a. compact
d. perforated
b. fragmented
e. elongated
c. prorupt
A unitary political system is one that
a. has only one house in the legislature
____ 77.
____ 78.
____ 79.
____ 80.
____ 81.
____ 82.
____ 83.
____ 84.
____ 85.
d. has only one branch of government - the
e. does not allow direct elections of public
b. concentrates policymaking power in one
geographic place
c. concentrates policymaking power in the
hands of one individual
Which of the following is the best example of a multicore state?
a. Iceland
d. Japan
b. Nigeria
e. France
c. Mexico
Which of the following is unique among Latin American countries in that its capital represents a the concept
of a forward capital?
a. Chile: Santiago
d. Peru: Lima
b. Mexico: Mexico City
e. Argentina: Buenos Aires
c. Brazil: Brasilia
For many years, French Canadians from Quebec sought ______________, or the right to govern themselves
and to establish their own independent state.
a. anticolonialism
d. nationalism
b. self-determination
e. colonization
c. reapportionment
Which of the following is NOT a centripetal force in a state?
a. the existence of national transportation
d. the existence of strong seperatist groups
b. the national anthem
e. the national flag
c. a high level of confidence in central
Which of the following is not a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council?
a. United States
d. France
b. China
e. Germany
c. Russia
All of the following were included in the UN Convention on the Law of the Seas except
a. Coastal states can claim control of waters d. Coastal states sharing waters with other
up to 12 nautical miles from their
states that are less than 200 nautical miles
offshore will split the waters according to
the median line principle.
b. Coastal states can claim up to 200 nautical e. Ships have rights of passage through all
miles from their shorelines in exclusive
economic zones.
c. Straits are internationally operated and
owned, not belonging to any one country.
China and Vietnam’s dispute over the Spratley Islands is:
a. a positional dispute.
d. a territorial dispute.
b. a religious dispute.
e. a functional dispute.
c. a resource dispute.
Which of the following countries is not a member of the European Union (EU)?
a. Hungary
d. Ukraine
b. Lithuania
e. Portugal
c. Greece
An example of a state with a federal system is (was)
____ 86.
____ 87.
____ 88.
____ 89.
____ 90.
____ 91.
____ 92.
____ 93.
____ 94.
____ 95.
a. Confederate States of America
d. the United States
b. Great Britain
e. France
c. Germany
Which of the following is a landlocked state?
a. Peru
d. Burma
b. Afghanistan
e. Colombia
c. Germany
Regions A and B both exist in state X. Region B includes one nation surrounded by other ethnicities living in
Region A. Based on this information, Region B is classified as a(n)
a. exclusive economic zone
d. core
b. centripetal force
e. enclave
c. exclave
Ankara, Turkey and Islamabad, Pakistan are both examples of:
a. forward capitals.
d. desert cities.
b. old colonial capitals.
e. rival cities.
c. low-latitude capital cities.
Which of the following terms refers to an area of instability located between regions with opposing political
and cultural values?
a. Rimland
d. Heartland
b. Gerrymandered area
e. Enclave
c. Shatter belt
Mackinder’s heartland theory argues that the world will eventually be ruled by a
a. country from the Eurasian rim
d. sea-based power
b. country located in the Americas
e. land-based power
c. small country with colonies around the
Which of the following is the best example of a fragmented state?
a. Germany
d. Indonesia
b. Chile
e. China
c. Nigeria
Core-periphery distinctions in Europe have led to internal devolutionary forces within some countries,
especially in
a. France and Britain
d. Spain and Italy
b. Denmark and Ireland
e. Switzerland and Germany
c. Norway and Sweden
Indonesia is an example of which of the following types of states?
a. Fragmented
d. Compact
b. Prorupted
e. Bifurcated
c. Perforated
Mackinder’s heartlant theory predicted:
a. the Muslim takeover of the world.
d. that a nation from Eurasia would control
world politics.
b. that the Japanese would conquer the
e. the rise of British colonialism.
Pacific Rim.
c. the rise of nationalism in Europe.
Which of the following best describes a recent global trend in domestic politics?
a. movement toward market economies
d. more power centered in the head of the
executive branch
b. revival of communist ideologies
e. fewer internal nationality problems
____ 96.
____ 97.
____ 98.
____ 99.
____ 100.
____ 101.
____ 102.
____ 103.
____ 104.
____ 105.
c. movement towards a two-party system
Since 1960 Brazil, Kazakhstan, Myanmar, Pakistan, and Tanzania have relocated their capital cities. Which of
the following statements about the new locations is true for all five countries?
a. an isolated location was chosen
d. an ethnically mixed location was chosen
b. A militarily strategic location was chosen e. a coastal location was chosen
c. a more central location was chosen
The Philippines and Indonesia are each an example of:
a. a fragmented state.
d. an elongated state.
b. a perforated state.
e. a prorupt state.
c. a compact state.
Which of the following has fostered the most significant economic growth by eliminating import tariffs
between member states?
a. European Union (EU)
d. Organization of Petroleum Exporting
Countries (OPEC)
b. North Atlantic Treaty Organization
e. Association of Caribbean States (ACS)
c. United Nations (UN)
Brazil’s decision to move its capital from Rio de Janeiro to Brazilia reflects the country’s desire to create a(n)
a. urban hierarchy
d. forward capital
b. primate city
e. cultural landscape
c. world city
The majority of Kurds are found in which country?
a. Saudi Arabia
d. Egypt
b. Pakistan
e. Russia
c. Turkey
Which international organization could best be incorporated into Spykman’s rimland theory?
a. European Union
d. Warsaw Pact
b. NAFTA (North American Free Trade
e. United Nations
c. NATO (North Atlantic Treaty
The majority of African states entered the United Nations after 1960 after because:
a. the creation of the African United Nations d. the majority of the states hadn’t become
took precedence.
independent until the 1960s.
b. political differences with the United States e. they were not into the concept of the
didn’t allow them to join until then.
United Nations until then.
c. the colonies in Africa were quasiindependent in the 1950s
A part of a country that is separated from the main country by the territory of another country is:
a. a peninsula.
d. an island.
b. a colony.
e. an enclave.
c. ghetto.
Which of the following is the best example of a nation-state?
a. United States
d. Canada
b. China
e. Japan
c. Russia
The process of drawing boundaries of voting districts to give an unfair advantage to one political party is
a. domino theory.
d. separatism.
____ 106.
____ 107.
____ 108.
____ 109.
____ 110.
____ 111.
b. redistricting.
e. containment.
c. gerrymandering.
Which of the following is NOT a common reason for a state boundary dispute?
a. documents defining boundaries
d. territories
b. resources
e. exclusive economic zones (EEZs)
c. linguistic differences
Which of the following is a centrifugal force in a country?
a. a national holiday
d. an attack by another country
b. a charismatic national leader
e. all of the above
c. religious differences
The voluntary association of three or more countries willing to give up some measure of sovereignty is called:
a. nationalism.
d. transferability.
b. devolution.
e. complementarity.
c. supranationalism.
In its application to the European Union, which state faced criticism by some of its opponents for not being
“European” enough for the EU?
a. England
d. Iceland
b. Italy
e. Russia
c. Turkey
Which of the following types of political organizations most directly reflects the current trend toward
a. supranational organizations
d. linkage institutions
b. national judiciaries
e. nongovernmental organizations
c. national legislatures
With its system of regional provinces, Canada ia an example of a
a. nation-state
d. reapportioned state
b. microstate
e. federal state
c. electoral state
____ 112.
The shape of North Carolina’s Twelfth Congressional District, shown above, is most likely the result of:
a. amalgamation.
d. gerrymandering.
b. county boundaries.
e. decentralization.
c. watershed boundaries.
____ 113. Which of the following types of terrain are most likely to serve as shatter belts?
a. mountains
d. peninsula
b. shoreline
e. river valley
c. desert
____ 114. In which country does language pose a centrifugal force?
a. Norway
d. Brazil
____ 115.
____ 116.
____ 117.
____ 118.
____ 119.
____ 120.
____ 121.
____ 122.
b. Canada
e. Denmark
c. Thailand
With respect to the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) between the United States, Canada, and
Mexico, which of the following statements is not true?
a. It eventually may include other Latin
d. It resulted in increased trade among
American countries
member nations
b. It facilitated the movement of tertiarye. It outlines an eventual supranational
sector industries from the United States to
governing body for North America
c. It led to a net trade deficit for the United
States with Canada and Mexico
The Canadian government created the new territory of Nunavut in order to
a. guarantee Canadian fishing rights in the
d. grant autonomy to the Cree and Mohawk
Atlantic Ocean
people living in eastern Canada
b. facilitate the exploration of meneral
e. re-create the pre-1912 boudary of Quebec
resources in the Northwest Territories
c. recognize the territorial rights of
indigenous people in the area
Boundary problems along the the United States-Mexico border are mainly caused by which type of boundary
a. land use
d. ownership of fertile ground
b. irredentism
e. immigration
c. document interpretation
Core countries, countries of the periphery, and countries of the semiperiphery are types of countries that fit
into the global economy, according to a theory by
a. E.L. Ulman
d. W.W. Rostow
b. Alfred Weber
e. Walter Christaller
c. Immanual Wallerstein
The provisions of the United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea give coastal countries navigational
and economic sovereignty over which of the following zones?
a. continental shelf
d. Export processing zone
b. Twelve-nautical mile territorial sea zone e. empowerment zone
c. The territorial time zone
The European Union (EU) replaced which of the following supranational organizations?
a. the Association of Southeast Asian
d. the United Nations (UN)
Nations (ASEAN)
b. the North American Free Trade
e. the European Economic Community
Agreement (NAFTA)
c. the North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Washington D.C. is not a good example of a primate city because it is
a. not located in the core area of the U.S.
d. not disproportionately large in relation to
some other U.S. cities
b. not a capital city
e. close to the geographic center of the U.S.
c. not a forward capital
___________ forces work to pull countries apart, while __________ forces bind them together.
a. Centrifugal ... centripetal
d. Communist ... democratic
b. Centripetal ... centrifugal
e. Socialist ... centrifugal
c. Democratic . . . Communist
____ 123. A boundary formed before meticulous geographic knowledge and mapping was available is known as:
a. a natural boundary.
d. an antecendent boundary.
b. a subsequent boundary.
e. a relict boundary.
c. a geomentric boundary.
____ 124. The concept of territoriality is most central to the study of
a. demography
d. urban geography
b. cultural geography
e. political geography
c. physical geography
____ 125. During the late 1930s, Germany invaded Czechoslovakia and Poland, areas with large numbers of German
minorities. This type of expansionism is called
a. territoriality
d. irredentism
b. devolution
e. economic imperialism
c. integration
____ 126. Which of the following is a fragmented state?
a. South Africa
d. Phillipines
b. Argentina
e. Hungary
c. Laos
____ 127. Which of the following is not a centripetal force?
a. common heritage
d. schools
b. national anthem
e. religious variation
c. common language
____ 128.
“Balkanization” is said to occur when a country falls apart based on
a. economic differences
d. geographical regions
b. political affiliations
e. disputes over the proper authority of
c. ethnicity
____ 129. Southeast Asia from the 1950s through the 1970s was considered a
a. theocracy.
d. nation-state.
b. regional conflict.
e. shatterbelt.
c. microstate.
____ 130.
Thailand is an example of a state that is
a. perforated
d. fragmented
b. prorupted
e. compact
c. elongated
____ 131. Which of the following correctly lists the usual hierarchy of political-administrative units in order from the
largest to the smallest?
____ 132.
____ 133.
____ 134.
____ 135.
____ 136.
____ 137.
____ 138.
____ 139.
a. Empire, nation-state, county, province
d. County, nation-state, province, empire
b. Empire, county, province, nation-state
e. Empire, nation-state, province, county
c. Province, empire, nation-state, couty
OPEC is an example of a(n)
a. national organization
d. confederacy
b. commonwealth
e. international organization
c. supranational organization
Which of the following capital cities is located OUTSIDE the central core of the country?
a. Abuja, Nigeria
d. Paris, France
b. London, UK
e. Moscow, Russia
c. Cairo, Egypt
A countertrend to fragmentation in global interactions today is
a. radicalism
d. corporatism
b. democratic consolidation
e. privatization
c. globalization
The practice of adjusting voting district boundaries in order to benefit the interest of one political party or
group is called
a. devolving
d. gerrymandering
b. red lining
e. minority-majority districting
c. territorializing
Wich of the following is the best example of a city-state?
a. France
d. Malaysia
b. The Netherlands
e. Israel
c. Monaco
Which of the following is not a land-locked state?
a. Switzerland
d. Czech Republic
b. Kazakhstan
e. South Africa
c. Paraguay
Which of the following is not a supranational organization?
a. the U.S. Republican party
d. North Atlantic Treaty Organization
b. the United Nations
e. the European Union
c. Organization of American States
____ 140.
____ 141.
____ 142.
____ 143.
____ 144.
____ 145.
____ 146.
____ 147.
____ 148.
Which of the following mophological classifications best describes Slovakia, shown in the map above?
a. Prorupt or protruded
d. Compact
b. Perforated
e. Fragmented
c. Elongated
People of French heritage who live in the province of Quebec have created devolutionary forces in
a. Germany
d. Canada
b. Australia
e. Switzerland
c. Spain
The Rhine River is an example of which type of boundary?
a. subsequent
d. relict
b. geometric
e. natural
c. artificial
The sovereign debt crisis in the European Union reflects a tension between
a. the Commission and the European
d. those who support enlargement of the EU
and those who do not.
b. EU member states and non-EU countries e. those who favor open markets and those
in Europe.
who seek to protect national economic
c. communist and capitalist economies.
Which of the following best represents the concept of the nation-state in its internal cultural-political makeup
and spatial organization?
a. Japan
d. Argentina
b. Iran
e. New Zealand
c. South Africa
The Berlin Wall is a good example of a(n)
a. subsequent boundary delineated by
d. physical or natural boundary located
European powers.
within an urban area.
b. superimposed boundary defined by
e. demarcation line.
communist Europe.
c. geometric boundary using latitude and
According to Halford Mackinder’s heartland theory, which of the following countries would be most likely to
dominate the globe?
a. the United States
d. Russia (former USSR)
b. Japan
e. Great Britain
c. India
The country that the United States helped to create in the early twentieth century in order to facilitate oceanic
commerce is:
a. Nicaragua
d. Panama
b. Venezuela
e. Costa Rica
c. Colombia
The civil war in Rwanda is most closely an example of
a. an ethnic conflict
d. a religious conflict
b. a pluralism conflict
e. an ethnic enclave
c. ethnocentrism
According to world-systems analysis, which of the following countries would be best classified as being in
the global economic periphery?
a. England
d. France
b. Colombia
e. China
c. Singapore
____ 149. In Antarctica, geometric political borders do little to organize a vast
a. frontier
d. tundra
b. borderland
e. wasteland
c. territory
____ 150. The border between the United States and Canada along the 49th parallel is an example of what type of
a. Antecedent boundary
d. Relic Boundary
b. Superimposed boundary
e. Subsequent boundary